It can be said that they are immature cells for stem cells. Apart from reproducing their counterparts like each cell, they can transform into specialized cells, such as liver, heart, or lung cells. Stem cells in mammals can be divided into two classes: embryonic stem cells and somatic stem cells.
There are hundreds of different types of cells in the human body that are important for our health. These cells are responsible for keeping our body working every day; For example, they provide our heartbeat, our brains think, our kidneys clean our blood, our skin regenerates while shedding, and so on.
WHEN CAN HAVE STEM CELL THERAPY?
Since the natural task of stem cells is to renew sick or older cells, scientists are considering stem cell therapy for patients with many types of medical conditions. The idea is to give the patient differentiated cells derived from stem cells or stem cells, making use of the healing natural properties of stem cells and making the patient healthy again. As an example, our goal in stem cell transplantation as a treatment for a patient having a heart attack is to ensure that the stem cells renew the damaged area in the heart. Stem cells are promising in the treatment of cancer, heart disease, Parkinson’s Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke, Huntington’s Disease, spinal cord injury, and many more.
Previously, stem cells were taken only from the bone marrow. Inserting a needle into the bone marrow, performing a biopsy, replicating these small amounts of cells for weeks was a risky procedure. It has been learned in recent years that stem cells have a much larger amount in adipose tissue, even 500 times more than bone marrow. At the point we have reached, we can separate stem cells in adipose tissue. Stem cells are separated from the cells obtained from liposuction without cell killing by a special method, and then it is a situation that is left to the imagination of the patient or doctor.